• As the dollar reaches an all-time high of Rs171, the central bank imposes further restrictions beginning October 22. The FIA interrogates the proprietor of a large exchange firm.
KARACHI: The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) has placed another another limitation on buying dollars on the open market, requiring biometric identification for all individuals purchasing $500 or more. The dollar, on the other hand, reached a new high on Wednesday, rising to Rs171.
“For all foreign currency selling transactions of $500 or more, as well as outbound remittances, exchange businesses will be obliged to undergo biometric verification,” the SBP stated on Wednesday.
Previously, anybody could buy dollars from exchange firms by presenting a copy of their national ID card. “This requirement will take effect on October 22, 2021,” according to the SBP.
The primary move appears to have been made to stem the outflow of dollars from the nation to Afghanistan, which has resulted in a large spike in dollar demand on the open market and destabilisation of the exchange rate.
The SBP has already taken several measures to get control over steep depreciation of local currency against the high demand of US dollar. The exchange companies have earlier highlighted through the media that outflow of dollars to Afghanistan is very high while the Fitch Rating company also recently cited this issue as one of the reasons for destabilisation of exchange rate.
According to the measures taken by the State Bank, each person travelling to Afghanistan will be allowed to carry maximum $1,000 per visit, with the annual limit of $6,000.
“In order to enhance transparency in the foreign currency transactions by exchange companies and to curb undesirable outflow of cash foreign currency, the State Bank has introduced some regulatory measures,” said a circular issued by the SBP.
Exchange companies will sell the cash foreign currency and make outward remittances, equivalent to $10,000 and above, against receipt of funds through cheque or banking channels only.
“These regulatory measures will help to improve documentation of sale of foreign currency by exchange companies and place a check on undesirable outflow of foreign currency,” said the SBP.
“The condition of biometric on purchase of $500 and above will help to reduce buying from open market which is the target of the State Bank as well as the government,” said Malik Bostan, heading the Exchange Companies Association of Pakistan.
He said the proposal of biometric was in discussion with exchange companies. He said the condition of $1,000 per person takeaway to Afghanistan was needed to stop unnecessary outflow of foreign currency from Pakistan causing destabilization of exchange rate.
Since July as the political situation unfolded in Afghanistan, dollar demand in open market here increased and rates went up. Earlier, the exchange companies were depositing 90 per cent of their surplus to banks. “Now we deposit about 50 per cent to banks while 50 per cent is sold out,” he said.
The State Bank last month revised Prudential Regulations for Consumer Financing and said the targeted step would help in moderating demand growth in the economy, leading to slower import growth and thus supporting the balance-of-payments.
The changes in the prudential regulations effectively prohibit financing for imported vehicles, and tighten regulatory requirements for financing of domestically manufactured or assembled vehicles of more than 1000cc engine capacity and other consumer finance facilities like personal loans and credit cards, according to the SBP.
On Sept 30, the State Bank imposed 100 per cent cash margin requirements (CMR) on imports of 114 more items, taking the total number of items subject to CMR to 525, to curb the imports that had grossly destabilized the exchange rate and widened the current account deficit.
The monthly increase in the current account deficit created serious threat for the external account of the government. The deficit widened by $1.5bn in August as it was $838m in July FY22.
FIA probes ‘illegal’ currency business
Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) has started investigation into alleged illegal currency business by a known foreign exchange company, said a senior officer on Wednesday.
FIA Director Amir Farooqi told Dawn that they called Zafar Paracha, owner of Paracha Exchange company, at the State Bank circle for investigation purpose. “The FIA obtained record of the company dealing with dollars for last one month,” the officer said, making it clear that the owner had not been detained.
The director said they had launched probe into the affairs of all exchange companies after recent increase in dollar rate as there were reports that certain elements were involved in hoarding, smuggling and illegal currency business to earn profits.